Madama Butterfly at Slovene National Theatre
After Giacomo Puccini's death in November 1924, many did not just see an end of a certain opera genius’s lifetime, but rather an end of an era. Furthermore, some have argued that the classical opera as an art form has finally come to the stage of its own decline, mostly due to the lack of expressivity as well as the loss of its inner potency. With only a few obscure examples, Puccini created one opera hit after another among being also his sixth opera, 'a Japanese tragedy” Madama Butterfly, that has enjoyed a global popularity since its fifth reworked version, made by composer in 1907. In turn, Puccini reached an emphatic peak of his middle creative period in Madama Butterfly, followed by a gradual turn to Italian verismo and contemporary narratives. An intriguing, yet utterly heart‐breaking love story between a Japanese girl Cio‐Cio‐san and an American navy officer Pinkerton, has made a compelling effect on Puccini as a theatre play, adapted by David Belasco. Puccini then decided to rework and emphatically upgrade the story plot by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa through dramatic orchestra and expressive melodic lines, incorporating authentic Japanese elements that have greatly contributed to an overall triumphant and heart‐rendering character of Madama Butterfly that has maintained its status as one of the most frequently performed operas up to this date.