Germany. With 307,640 inhabitants it is the second largest city in the state of Baden‐Württemberg after the capital Stuttgart.
Mannheim is situated at the confluence of the rivers Rhine and Neckar, in the northwestern corner of the state of Baden‐Württemberg. The Rhine separates Mannheim from the adjacent Rhineland‐Palatinate city of Ludwigshafen. The Hessian border is north of the city. Mannheim is the largest city of the Rhine Neckar Area, a metropolitan area with 2.4 million inhabitants.
Mannheim is unusual among German cities in that its central area is laid out in a grid pattern (called Quadrate, squares), much like many North American cities. The main route through the squares leads to an enormous 18th century palace. This former seat of the Electors of the Palatinate now houses the University of Mannheim.
Mannheim's city symbol is the Wasserturm (water tower), located in the east of the city centre.