Sylvain Cambreling (born 1948 in Amiens, France) is a French conductor. Trained as a trombone player, he studied at the Paris Conservatoire. He joined l'Orchestre Symphonique de Lyon (OSL) as a trombonist in 1971. In 1974, he took second prize in the Besançon conductor competition. His conducting debut was with the OSL in 1975, leading Robert Schumann's Scenes from Goethe's Faust. At the invitation of Pierre Boulez, he began to guest‐conduct the Ensemble Intercontemporain regularly from 1976.
Cambreling was the music director of the Theatre de la Monnaie, Brussels from 1981‐1991. He served as artistic director and general music director of the Frankfurt Opera from 1993‐1997. From 1997‐2004, he served as principal guest conductor of Klangforum Wien. Since 1999, he has been the Chief Conductor of the SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden‐Baden und Freiburg.